-->

Pages

Monday, March 19, 2012

Collate evidence that suggest people in the past were caring for each other during illness. What facilities were there and how efficient were they at helping the patient?

If you order your cheap term papers from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Collate evidence that suggest people in the past were caring for each other during illness. What facilities were there and how efficient were they at helping the patient?. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Collate evidence that suggest people in the past were caring for each other during illness. What facilities were there and how efficient were they at helping the patient? paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Collate evidence that suggest people in the past were caring for each other during illness. What facilities were there and how efficient were they at helping the patient?, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Collate evidence that suggest people in the past were caring for each other during illness. What facilities were there and how efficient were they at helping the patient? paper at affordable prices with cheap essay writing service!



There is evidence to show that people in the past were caring for each other, this can be seen through studying skeletal remains. Whilst examining human remains, it has to be clear that evidence showing that people cared for each other is ‘skeletal modification’ ( White, 00081) and not ‘the normal range of variation in immature and adult healthy individuals’ (White, 00081). ‘Some kinds of alterations are intentional for cultural or aesthetic reasons. The best examples are deformations of the skull and cuts, inlays or other modifications of the teeth.’ (Ubelaker,16). However, there is very little skeletal evidence of illnesses that kill, for example, the plague, cholera and meningitis.


It is know that people were cared for medically, we know this from the pathological evidence. The reason for people caring for each other would be to relieve pain, discomfort and pressure.





To a certain extent the level at which people cared for each other was quite high. The reason for saying this is because of the advancement in technology and medicine since helping people was first practiced. Even though the technology was primitive for procedures and there were no ‘qualified’ doctors as such,


Write my Essay on Collate evidence that suggest people in the past were caring for each other during illness. What facilities were there and how efficient were they at helping the patient? for me




There is evidence to show that when bones were fractured or joints dislocated, the bones were not set back into place like ours are in the present day. We are able to say this because bones, such as the femur, tibia and the fibular, that have been broken through trauma and then healed naturally end up looking a different shape to normal, for example, the bones are off set almost making it seem that the bone has been bent. It can be suggested that this is because during the healing process, the bones were not kept in line with each other, as ours are now a days and that pressure was put upon the healing fracture. During the healing process there are three phases ‘circulatory or cellular, metabolic and mechanical’ (Manchester & Roberts, 1570). Each bone’s healing process period differs depending on the type of fracture sustained, the frequency of use and the different type of bone. In today’s society, using the latest techniques, bones, such as the clavicle and the femur, can take from to 14 weeks to heal. However, evidence suggests that during the prehistoric period, it was not known how long it takes for bones to heal. In some cases, if a bone fails to heal through added pressure and continuing movement, a false joint is formed to compensate for the fracture not healing.


The most common of these was an angular groove cut into the cranium, other examples of techniques show that a series of small holes were drilled in a circular pattern and then in order to remove the roundel the narrow bars connecting the small holes together are cut.


The process of trepanning is dangerous as it can have fatal results if anything goes wrong. When a skeleton is discovered and there is evidence for trepanning, it is possible to determine weather the person died as a result of the operation or from other causes. ‘If the patient died during the surgery or soon after, the borders of the perforation remain sharp. If the patient survived, however, the borders are masked by re-growth’ (Ubelaker,1101). It is also possible to determine how long after the operation the person died from the level of re-growth.


Another example of people caring for each other is to look at the dentistry. As well as look for diseases that affect the mouth, modification of the teeth also provide information on diet, oral hygiene and dental care. An individual can develop an abscess from ‘the accumulation of plaque between the soft tissue of the gum and teeth’ (Manchester & Roberts, 1550). An abscess causes inflammation of the gum and pus collects where the infection is. If an abscess is left untreated the pressure on the area builds up and a hole develops allowing for the pus to escape. In some cases the infection has gone untreated, which can be seen from looking at the mandible and maxilla. The destruction an abscess causes to the jaw is fairly disastrous. The infection, as the pressure builds up, can destroy the bone in the surrounding area so much so that the root of the teeth in the area can be seen. If the abscess is left untreated, no doubt it would be extremely painful for the individual and the teeth and bone in the area where the infection is would not be in any condition to be saved.


However, there is some evidence for dentistry. During the Neolithic period, instead of leaving the teeth and jaw bones to be destroyed by an abscess, a simple operation was carried out. In order to save the teeth in the area, a small hole was drilled into the tooth with the infection just below the gum and root. This was done so that the pus from the infection was able to drain out rather than the pressure building up and damaging the area anymore than necessary. As a result of this, apart from having a hole in the once infected tooth, the rest of the teeth, mandible and maxilla were healthy. Also, there is other evidence for dentistry from looking at interproximal grooves. There are two possibilities for a groove to be worn on the side of a tooth between the root and the crown. The first possibility is that grit in the saliva may have caused it; however, the second possibility is that an instrument was inserted between the teeth. If an instrument was inserted, it implies that it may have been done to relieve pain from an infection.





Please note that this sample paper on Collate evidence that suggest people in the past were caring for each other during illness. What facilities were there and how efficient were they at helping the patient? is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Collate evidence that suggest people in the past were caring for each other during illness. What facilities were there and how efficient were they at helping the patient?, we are here to assist you. Your cheap custom college papers on Collate evidence that suggest people in the past were caring for each other during illness. What facilities were there and how efficient were they at helping the patient? will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from cheap essay writing service and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!



No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.