Saturday, April 28, 2012

The effects of suburbanisation

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Suburbanization is the growth of residential districts near to or on the outskirts of towns and cities. This urban dynamic is in effect in the township of Camden and has been perpetuated by the planning of a new estate, Bridgewater. Camden covers 06 square kilometers and is located approximately 61km south west of the Sydney CBD. Camden is situated on the Nepean River and consequently has limitations placed upon its urban development by the flood plains, which surround it. The flood plains also make the land around Camden productive agricultural land.

In the year 001 Camden had one of the highest rates of growth in Australia at 7.7%. This was due to growth of residential estates in Narrellen which account for the major portion of overall growth with new suburbs such as Mount Annan, Harrington Park, Spring Hill, The Cascades and Garden Gates. This trend has slowed in 00 to 6.8% but is set to increase again due to the effect of suburbanization. The impacts of Suburbanization in Camden are seen in several key areas the development of Bridgewater estate, Harrington Park and the area of open space left for urban expansion.

Year Population Increase on previous year Growth %

Cheap University Papers on The effects of suburbanisation

001 41,460 71 7.7%

00 44,44 04 6.8%

Bridgewater estate is an excellent example of the impacts of suburbanization in a country town. Bridgewater is situated on the edge of south Camden and has been designed in three stages. Stage one has been named the Bridgewater collection and is situated on the western end of the estate, on Macarthur circuit. This stage entailed the building of designer homes in order to attract buyers. The land and house packages were sold together in order to have a design for the street. The second stage is under construction and the land price has increased by 0% on the original stage one land packages. This has been attributed to the increase in interest in the Bridgewater estate. The estate is situated on the metropolitan fringe and hence is an example of suburbanization in not only Camden but also Sydney. The positive impacts this estate and suburbanization has had on Camden can be seen in the increase in land price in the south Camden area. Suburbanization also has a positive affect on the employment opportunity in the area it is active. One of the negative impacts caused by suburbanization is the damage done to the environment as a result of the alteration of the natural environment. Bridgewater is being built on land, which was formerly Camden Park estate and hence has affected the natural habitat of many animals.

Harrington Park, much the same as Bridgewater, is a great example of suburbanisation and it impact on Camden. Harrington Park is on the northern side of Camden just outside of Narellan. Harrington Park is several years older than the Bridgewater project and hence the impact that it has had on Camden is far more evident. Before the construction of Harrington Park there was no need for a shopping centre in Narellan. The only shops in Narellan were on Camden valley way and there were only very few. Today Narellan has a shopping centre with 100+ stores and a large commercial and industrial area. Suburbanisation was a major factor that went into the development of Narellan. The increase in population made it possible to sustain a shopping centre in 16 and two years later the population had increased that much that the shopping centre had to be extended. Today in Narellan there is two shopping centres and construction has just begun on a third. There is a community recreational centre and three soccer teams. These are all examples of positive impacts that suburbanisation has had on Camden. This urban dynamic has lead to the dramatic increase in the industrial and commercial sectors with in Camden. The negative impacts that have occurred due to suburbanisation can be seen in several areas. The main being the environment, the increase in building has destroyed many native habitats and has lead to an increase in salinity. The Narellan creek has been destroyed by ever increasing levels of salt in the ground water. This has prompted the Narellan creek project which is designed to enforce many anti-salinity measures which are in place. An example of this is when the land was cleared to build Harrington Park the water level increased so much that channels had to be built to move the ground water away from building sites.

Open space in Camden consists mainly of sports grounds, parks and crown land. Council’s Strategic Plan identifies that an important part of managing new development in Camden is to ensure that all residents have reasonable access to recreational and community resources. The total area of open space in the Camden LGA as at the 0th June 001 is 585 hectares or 0.01 hectares per capita. This is an increase of 1 hectares or 0.0004 hectares per capita from the previous reporting period. The general standard required by the Department of Urban Affairs and Planning for the area of open space is .8 hectares/1000 people or 0.008 per capita. Camden has 1 hectares per thousand people; this is above the area of open space in other Western Sydney Councils. Blacktown for example has 4.7, Holroyd 5.6, and Parramatta 8.1, Penrith Council 6.84 hectares per 1,000 people. This subsequently means that Camden does still have room to grow and that the impact of over population due to suburbanisation is not a problem at this time. However it was predicted in the 00 Camden Council Growth Report that in the year 010 Camden will have increased its persons per hector by nearly 50%. This is, in part, due to suburbanisation.

In conclusion, the impacts of suburbanisation are evident in the Camden Township. Its growth over the past decade shows the influence this urban dynamic has had on the development in the Camden region. Bridgewater estate and Harrington park estate are both primary example of the need for new residential estates due to the increasing influence of suburbanisation. Camden is essentially a dormitory township with the employment opportunities being far outweighed by the population. This is a typical trait of suburbs or towns affected by suburbanisation as many of the residents commute to their work mainly situated in the inner city area. The fast depletion of open space in Camden is also becoming a problem with predictions in this area acquiring the council’s immediate attention.

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